High above their heads, silhouetted against an azure sky, suspended upside down by its legs and dangling from ropes below a speeding helicopter, was a blindfolded rhinoceros. There are also a few black rhinos in zoos around the world. The creatures remain critically endangered — not the least because poachers are killing them and their bigger white rhino cousins for their horns. The South African government says criminals killed more than 1, rhinos in the country in the past five years — and almost in alone.
History[ edit ] In the late s the population of black rhinos, particularly in Zimbabwewas dropping at an alarming rate. To help combat the decline, the International Black Rhino Foundation was founded in The IBRF worked with both in-situ conservation protecting animals in their native habitat and ex-situ conservation protecting animals "off-site" such as in zoos or non-native nature reserves.
Due to the efforts of conservation groups like the International Black Rhino Foundation, the population has stabilized, illegal poaching has been reduced, and the population has even been growing. The population of South-central Black Rhinoceros was around 1, in Nine years later, there are about 4, black rhinos in the wild.
The International Rhino Foundation helps manage programs in nature and captivity and also funds research into rhinos. IRF programs in captivity focus on developing ways to help rhinos in the wild.
The population of Javan rhinos numbers only around animals. Over the past 10 years, however, losses of Sumatran and Javan rhino have been nearly eliminated in Indonesia through intensive anti-poaching and intelligence activities by IRF-funded Rhino Protection Units.
The successes of these units have kept the two species from extinction and are critical for their continued population recovery.
Sumatran rhinos are considered extinct in Malaysia, but a tiny population no more than 10 has recently been found in Kalimantan on the Island of Borneo. By gathering intelligence from local communities, RPUs also proactively prevent poaching attempts before they take place.
RPUs have been very effective in protecting the rhino from poachers - only five Sumatran rhinos have been lost to poachers since the inception of the program, and no Javan rhinos have been killed. Eleven patrol units operate in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in Sumatra, one of the highest priority areas for Sumatran megafauna.
Approximately 15 Sumatran rhino inhabit the Park, along with Sumatran tigers and around Asian elephants. Nine patrol units operate in Way Kambas National Parkwhich has a resident population of about 30 Sumatran rhino and is also the site of the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary.
Five patrol units operate in Ujung Kulon National Parkhome to the only remaining viable population of Javan rhinos in the world.
Rhino experts agreed that successful reproduction would require sufficiently natural conditions and large enclosures. The SRS encompasses hectares acres for propagation, research and education, and received its first rhino in Until recently, the Sanctuary held only one pair of animals, which were not reproductively sound.
The SRS is now home to seven animals, including calves born in and It is staffed by two full-time Indonesian veterinarians, 11 keepers, several administrative and support staff, and protection units.
Over the years, a number of circumstantial, medical, and management problems have been addressed and overcome. As a result, within the last decade, the husbandry and captive propagation of Sumatran rhinos has passed from its infancy to its adolescence.
The International Rhino Foundation has been steadfastly working to address these issues with the expertise of numerous veterinarians and reproductive biologists. Animals were radio-collared and regularly monitored to gauge the success of the reintroduction process. An additional eight rhinos were moved to Manas by the Centre for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation.
In mid, one of the female rhinos gave birth to the first calf born in Manas since rhino reintroductions began! Thirteen more rhinos births, including one second generation calf, have been born in the park since then — a sure sign that the translocated animals are adapting well to their new home.The Javan rhino is now found only in Indonesia and Vietnam, the Sumatran rhino in only Indonesia and Malaysia, and the Indian rhino is present only in small sections of India and Nepal.
The Sumatran rhino also has two horns, but both the Indian and Javan rhino have only one horn . In Brief. Rhino poaching is a serious contemporary global concern.
Significant recent growth in demand for rhino horn in Asian consumer markets has driven black market prices to extraordinary levels, undermining attempts to conserve wild rhinos and enforce a worldwide trade ban.
Tackling Poaching & Illegal Wildlife. Trafficking in Africa. ivory and rhino horn and has led to a poaching crisis on the Afri - can continent. protect its populations of black rhino, elephant, and other wildlife. With Aggressive Tracking Specialists—which has been training.
To protect black rhinos from poaching and habitat loss, WWF is taking action in three African rhino range countries: Namibia, Kenya, and South Africa. Together, these nations hold .
The black rhino once numbered in the hundreds of thousands of animals throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, but unregulated hunting and poaching reduced the wild population to perhaps 2, individuals in the early s – a loss of more than 95% that brought the species close to the brink of extinction.
We focus on the conservation of four rhino species: Black Rhino To protect black rhinos from poaching and habitat loss, WWF is taking action in three key African rhino range countries: Namibia, South Africa, and Kenya. Together, these nations hold about 87% of the total black rhino population.