What is the IMF doing to help countries maximize the benefits of globalization? June 29, Remarks by Saleh M.
Gains from International Financial Integration A3. Are Small States Different? Some Summary Statistics, — I. Overview The recent wave of financial globalization that has occurred since the mids has been marked by a surge in capital flows among industrial countries and, more notably, between industrial and developing countries.
Although capital inflows have been associated with high growth rates in some developing countries, a number of them have also experienced periodic collapses in growth rates and significant financial crises that have had substantial macroeconomic and social costs.
As a result, an intense debate has emerged in both academic and policy circles on the effects of financial integration on developing economies. But much of the debate has been based on only casual and limited empirical evidence.
The main purpose of this paper is to provide an assessment of empirical evidence on the effects of financial globalization for developing economies. It will focus on three related questions: The principal conclusions that emerge from the analysis are sobering but, in many ways, informative from a policy perspective.
It is true that many developing economies with a high degree of financial integration have also experienced higher growth rates.
It is also true that, in theory, there are many channels through which financial openness could enhance growth. A systematic examination of the evidence, however, suggests that it is difficult to establish a robust causal relationship between the degree of financial integration and output growth performance.
From the perspective of macroeconomic stability, consumption is regarded as a better measure of well-being than output; fluctuations in consumption are therefore regarded as having negative impacts on economic welfare. There is little evidence that financial integration has helped developing countries to better stabilize fluctuations in consumption growth, notwithstanding the theoretically large benefits that could accrue to developing countries if such stabilization were achieved.
In fact, new evidence presented in this paper suggests that low to moderate levels of financial integration may have made some countries subject to greater volatility of consumption relative to that of output. Thus, while there is no proof in the data that financial globalization has benefited growth, there is evidence that some countries may have experienced greater consumption volatility as a result.
Although the main objective of this paper is to offer empirical evidence, and not to derive a set of definitive policy implications, some general principles nevertheless emerge from the analysis about how countries can increase the benefits from, and control the risks of, globalization. In particular, the quality of domestic institutions appears to play a role.
A growing body of evidence suggests that it has a quantitatively important impact on a country's ability to attract foreign direct investment and on its vulnerability to crises. Although different measures of institutional quality are no doubt correlated, there is accumulating evidence of the benefits of robust legal and supervisory frameworks, low levels of corruption, a high degree of transparency, and good corporate governance.
A review of the available evidence does not, however, provide a clear road map for countries that have either started on or desire to start on the path to financial integration.
For instance, there is an unresolved tension between having good institutions in place before capital market liberalization and the notion that such liberalization in itself can help a country import best practices and provide an impetus to improve domestic institutions.
Furthermore, neither theory nor empirical evidence has provided clear-cut general answers to related issues, such as the desirability and efficacy of selective capital controls.
Ultimately, these questions can be addressed only in the context of country-specific circumstances and institutional features. The remainder of this section provides an overview of the structure of this paper.
Section II documents some salient features of global financial integration from the perspective of developing countries. Sections III and IV analyze the evidence on the effects of financial globalization on growth and volatility, respectively, in developing countries.
Section V discusses the relationship between the quality of institutions and the benefit-risk trade-off involved in undertaking financial integration. Definitions and Basic Stylized Facts Financial globalization and financial integration are, in principle, different concepts.Developing countries often struggle to compete with developed countries, therefore it is argued free trade benefits developed countries more.
There is an infant industry argument which says industries in developing countries need protection from free trade to be able to develop. May 06, · • Social welfare schemes or “safety nets” are under great pressure in developed countries because of deficits, job losses, and other economic ramifications of globalization.
Globalization is an economic tsunami that is sweeping the planet.
The benefits of globalization can be unfairly skewed towards rich nations or individuals, creating greater inequalities and leading to potential conflicts both nationally and internationally as a result.
The lives of people in distant countries are increasingly being linked, through commerce, communications technology, or culture.
Researchers are trying to parse out how the gains from globalization are touching the lives of the poorest citizens in developing countries. Economic growth is the main channel through which globalization can affect poverty. What researchers have found is that, in general, when countries open up to trade, they tend to grow faster and living standards tend to increase.
The usual argument goes that . Home > Economics help blog > trade > Costs and benefits of globalisation. Costs and benefits of globalisation.
This means they pay very little tax in the countries where they do most of their business. This means governments have to increase taxes on VAT and income tax. hey guys i’m looking for the benefits of developing countries and.