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Often, people become confused between the terms cannabis and marijuana. Cannabis is a category for a plant species that includes both hemp and marijuana. For a lot of people, the best way to think about cannabis is with an analogy: Both forms of cannabis, hemp and marijuana, have been shown to contain medically beneficial levels of differing cannabinoids, active compounds found in the cannabis plant.
Cannabis contains over 85 cannabinoids, some of which have been found to have therapeutically beneficial properties. The two major cannabinoids found in cannabis that academic and scientific studies demonstrate to possess the most therapeutic properties are cannabidiol CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol THCthough a number of other cannabinoids, like cannabigerol CBG and cannabinol CBNalso exhibit health benefits.
THC, the mind-altering ingredient in cannabis, has been shown to increase appetite, reduce muscle control problems, and reduce nausea, pain, and inflammation. To date, marijuana has not been recognized or approved by the U. Food and Drug Administration FDA as a food or medicine, but the agency has approved some cannabis-based medications for distribution in the U.
In addition, over half the states and territories in the U. What Are the Different Types of Marijuana?
Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. Many cannabis users and professionals within the medical marijuana industry allege that the two strains distinctly vary in the types of primary effects and symptom relief they offer a user. In general, patients managing chronic pain, muscle spasms, multiple sclerosis, nausea and fibromyalgia prefer the full body effects of indica.
Some scientists claim, however, that the widely accepted variability in effects between the two strains is based on presentiments only. This placebo effect, the taxonomists argue, are not rooted in reality but stem from the preconceived expectations of the user.
Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes since at least the time of ancient China. Cannabis and its therapeutic benefits, specifically for gout, rheumatism, constipation, and senility, were first described in ancient Chinese texts.
Chinese Emperor Shennong, who was also a pharmacologist, wrote about using cannabis for treatment purposes in a book published in BC.
From that point on cannabis was only legally available to a small number of patients through a federally organized program called the Investigational New Drug IND compassionate access research program.
In effect, the IND program allowed patients to receive up to nine pounds of cannabis from the government each year, in Despite the IND program, the vast majority of Americans found themselves shut out of access to medical marijuana. California was the first state to establish legal medical marijuana with a voter initiative that passed in Today, 32 states and the District of Columbia allow patients to legally obtain and use medical marijuana, bringing potential access to over half of all American citizens.
Despite the fact that cannabis continues to remain federally illegal, in October of the U. Department of Justice announced that they would not pursue medical marijuana participants or distributors who comply with state laws.
Where Is Medical Marijuana Legal? Medical marijuana laws are typically created in one of two ways:Medical Marijuana Services (MMS) provides Canadians Over the age of 20 with access to our Team of Compassionate Health Care Practitioners that will help you obtain medical marijuana under Health Canada’s under Health Canada’s Access to Marijuana for Medical Purposes Regulations or ACMPR.
Public Support For Legalizing Medical Marijuana. Modest Rise in Percentage Favoring General Legalization. Overview. With a growing number of states moving to legalize medical marijuana, nearly three-quarters of Americans (73%) say they favor their state allowing the sale and use of marijuana for medical purposes if it is prescribed by a doctor, while 23% are opposed.
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1, – Dec. 31, as the first submission period for petitions to add a qualifying medical condition to the Medical Marijuana Control Program. Dr. Rav Ivker, a physician renowned for using cannabis to treat chronic pain, has said he believes marijuana concentrates should be banned.
“I think they should be illegal,” Ivker said.. “In. Because marijuana is a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, the therapeutic benefits of cannabis are no longer mentioned in the formal education of health care professionals.