Curcuma longa The rhizome underground stem of Curcuma longa, a member of the ginger family, yields the yellow spice turmeric.
And since we have an entire portal dedicated to it you must be aware that curcumin and turmeric are the most important plant based medicinal agents that hold value in the health industry. Curcumin is a pleiotropic molecule and is available in supplemental form. And yes many people globally are aware of the appearance and aroma of turmeric powder.
Read Introduction to Turmeric Turmeric root is the real spice from where both turmeric powder and curcumin originate. Today we will be going over the lesser known details of turmeric root.
What is turmeric root? Turmeric has been used as medicinal plant since time immemorial especially in India. India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of turmeric. The name turmeric has originated from Medieval Latin name terramerita or French name terre merite Medicinal uses of turmeric root meant meritorious earth- then a name for powdered turmeric.
In English turmeric was called Indian saffron. Sanskrit has over 55 names for turmeric herb. Yellow turmeric or the one that we regularly discuss is called Curcuma longa scientifically.
Turmeric plants are around 1 m in height and have long oblong leaves. What we call the turmeric root, is actually the rhizome that grows below the soil and matures after which the plants are gathered annually for the rhizomes. The rhizomes are a pale brown on the outside with a rough texture.
They are averagely inches in length and 1 inch in diameter with small tubers branching from the sides.
On the inside these rhizomes have a bright orange or yellow colored flesh. Part of these rhizomes are used for preparation of turmeric powder while some are reseeded for the next crop.
How many types of turmeric exist? Yellow turmeric comes under genus Curcuma which belongs to the ginger family. Around species or more have been identified under genus Curcuma. The commercially important ones include: Curcuma longa Curcuma amada or Mango ginger Curcuma zedoaria Curcuma angustifolia or Indian arrowroot Curcuma aromatica Curcuma caesia or Black turmeric Among the Curcuma longa or yellow turmeric there are a number of varieties depending on the regions where they grow and the curcumin content differs.
Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of turmeric. What climatic conditions are required for growth of turmeric? Turmeric plant requires a temperature of degree Celsius to grow with an annual rainfall of mm to mm is tolerated by the plant.
Irrigation is not required in areas where there is ample rainfall. Sprouting of turmeric rhizomes occurs in a temperature range of degree Celsius. They elongate well in the same temperature range but do not survive temperatures higher than 40 degree Celsius. Turmeric grows well in shades but is said to produce better and larger rhizomes when grown in open grounds exposed to the sun.
It grows well in loose, friable well drained loamy or alluvial soils. Soil pH range requirement is 4. And the crop is sensitive to saline soil or saline water irrigation.
Planting season in India for turmeric is the month of April and continues till first week of July. Various factors such as soil mineral content, planting time and even soil texture affect the rhizome yield.
The turmeric milk drink known as haldi doodh (haldi means turmeric in Hindi) is a south Asian recipe. Sold in the US and UK, the drink known as golden mylk uses non-dairy milk and sweetener, and sometimes black pepper after the traditional recipe (which may also use ghee). Turmeric is a powerful spice with an impressive list of uses and benefits. It’s known for its antioxidant content and ability to work as an anti-inflammatory. This common culinary spice is prized in many cuisines around the world and with good reason/5(). Uses & Effectiveness? Possibly Effective for. Hay fever. Taking curcumin, a chemical found in turmeric, seems to reduce hayfever symptoms such as sneezing, itching, runny nose, and congestion.
As many as components have been identified in turmeric; but they are primarily categorized into 2 sections: Curcuminoids Turmeric oil Curcuminoids are the components that offer the orange yellow color to the turmeric root and are natural antioxidants.
Curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin are the 3 principal curcuminoids. Ar-turmerone is the most important constituent of turmeric oil. Turmerone, ar-turmerone and zingiberene impart the warm aroma to turmeric. Nutritionally g of turmeric provides calories, 10g total fat, It also contains minerals like calcium, potassium, phosphorous, sodium, iron and vitamins B and C.
Health benefits of Turmeric root Turmeric root contains curcumin which is blessed with a number of medicinal and pharmacological properties.Turmeric is a flowering plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae, the roots of which are used in cooking. The plant is rhizomatous, herbaceous, and perennial, and is native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, and requires temperatures between 20 and 30 °C (68 and 86 °F) and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive.
Plants are gathered each year for their rhizomes, some. Turmeric is a powerful spice with an impressive list of uses and benefits. It’s known for its antioxidant content and ability to work as an anti-inflammatory. This common culinary spice is prized in many cuisines around the world and with good reason/5().
Turmeric is used as a spice in curry powders and mustard. It is being investigated in clinical trials for the treatment and prevention of cancers, particularly of the GI tract, and for treatment of colitis and Alzheimer and Huntington diseases.
Discover how to use the plantain weed. Make plantain leaf tea. The plantain weed is edible and nutritious.
The plantain medicinal uses known for years. Traditional Medicinal Uses of Turmeric root Turmeric has been used in both Ayurveda and Unani systems of medicine. It is found to have a number of medicinal activities as per traditional texts such as aromatic, stimulant, tonic, carminative, and anthelmintic.
Using chopped fresh turmeric root is a great way to add color (and mild flavor) to white and yellow pureed soups, such as carrot soup, cauliflower soup, and yellow pea soup. The flavor of fresh turmeric pairs well ginger, so look for soup recipes that also call for fresh ginger.