Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, is often separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness. Delinquent activity, particularly the involvement in youth gangs, may also be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats. Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors.
One study, for example, found that 77 percent of criminal justice-involved youth reported substance use mainly marijuana in the past 6 months, and nearly half of male and female juvenile detainees had a substance use disorder McClelland et al.
Effective treatment of juvenile substance abusers often requires a family-based treatment model.
Arrest rates for drug-related crimes also remain high among juveniles. A recent report showed that of the estimated 2. Juveniles entering the criminal justice system can bring a number of serious problems with them—substance abuse, academic failure, emotional disturbances, physical health issues, family problems, and a history of physical or sexual abuse.
Girls make up nearly one-third of juvenile arrests, a high percentage of whom report some form of emotional, physical, or sexual abuse.
Effectively addressing these problems requires their gaining access to comprehensive assessment, treatment, case management, and support services appropriate for their age and developmental stage.
Assessment is particularly important, because not all adolescents who have used drugs need treatment. For those who do, there are several points in the juvenile justice continuum where treatment has been integrated, including juvenile drug courts, community-based supervision, juvenile detention, and community re-entry.
Families play an important role in the recovery of substance abusing juveniles, but this influence can be either positive or negative. Parental substance abuse or criminal involvement, physical or sexual abuse by family members, and lack of parental involvement or supervision are all risk factors for adolescent substance abuse and delinquent behavior.
Thus, the effective treatment of juvenile substance abusers often requires a familybased treatment model that targets family functioning and the increased involvement of family members. Effective adolescent treatment approaches include multisystemic therapy, multidimensional family therapy, and functional family therapy.
These interventions show promise in strengthening families and decreasing juvenile substance abuse and delinquent behavior. Juvenile offenders Virtually every juvenile offender should be screened for drug abuse and mental disorders, and receive an intervention: Treatment for those who are dependent on alcohol or drugs, or mentally ill.
Drug abuse prevention for those who are not. HIV prevention or treatment as needed. This page was last updated April Contents.Research on the different needs and stressors of male and female offenders began in s. Before this time, women and girls were the ‘‘forgotten offenders’’ because they were overlooked in correctional research, policy development, program design, and organizational management (Morton, ).
- The criminal justice system (courts) puts harsher penalties upon the male juveniles due to statistics showing they are the main offenders. This is a basic thinking upon our society, as females are obviously seen as the more emotional sex, thus judges are able to take pity upon their emotional inadequacy.
amongst female juveniles has grown at a faster pace than that of male offenders (Chesney-Lind and Okamoto ). Female juvenile delinquency has been “ignored.
Research shows that female juvenile offenders are more violent toward staff in institutionalized settings than male offenders. Boys and girls generally start offending at the same ages for less serious types of crime (e.g., drug offenses), but for more serious or violent types of crime, girls tend to start offending at a younger age than boys.
Jun 15, · Male Offenders vs. Female Offenders UHeardMe1stTime. Loading Unsubscribe from UHeardMe1stTime? A New Model for Juvenile Justice - Duration: ABC News 55, views. This study is an initial examination of behavioral and emotional differences between male and female juvenile offenders using an omnibus self-report personality inventory.
Differences between male and female juvenile offenders were found on 6 of 14 comparisons. Findings provide support for.