His first Appearance in the Ministry. And his Considerations, while young, on the Keeping of Slaves.
A graduate in divinity of the University of Prague, Hus was appointed incumbent of the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague in and immediately attracted wide attention with his sermons, which were delivered in Czech in accordance with the foundation charter of the chapel.
He became dean of the philosophical faculty there in At this time the University of Prague was undergoing a period of struggle against foreign, chiefly German, influence as well as an intense rivalry between, on the one hand, German masters who upheld nominalism and were regarded as enemies of church reform and, on the other, the strongly nationalistic Czech masters, who were inclined to realist philosophy and were enthusiastic readers of the philosophical writings of John Wycliffea bitter critic of nominalism.
The clerical estate owned about one-half of all the land in Bohemia, and the great wealth and simoniacal practices of the higher clergy aroused jealousy and resentment among the poor priests.
The Bohemian peasantry, too, resented the church as one of the heaviest land taxers.
There was thus a large potential base of support for any church reform movement at a time when the authority of the papacy itself was discredited by the Western Schism.
From Hus was in charge of the chapel, which had become the centre of the growing national reform movement in Bohemia. He became increasingly absorbed in public preaching and eventually emerged as the popular leader of the movement.
Because the German masters had three votes and the Czech masters only one, the Germans easily outvoted the Czechs, and the 45 articles were henceforth regarded as a test of orthodoxy.
Wycliffe also declared the Scriptures to be the sole source of Christian doctrine.
The two men returned completely changed in their theological views and became the principal opponents of the Reformers. Thus, just when Hus had emerged at the forefront of the reform movement, he came into conflict with his former friends.
Hus and the Western Schism Since the Roman Catholic Church had been split by the Western Schism, during which the papal jurisdiction was divided between two popes.
The council had the support of the Czech masters at the University of Prague, whereas the German masters were opposed to it. The German masters, who carried a voting majority in university affairs, supported the archbishop, which so enraged King Wenceslas that in January he subverted the university constitution by granting the Czech masters three votes each and the Germans only one; the result was a mass emigration of the Germans from Prague to several German universities.
In the fall of Hus was elected rector of the now Czech-dominated university. The deposed popes, however, retained jurisdiction over portions of western Europe; thus, instead of two, there were three popes.
The archbishop and the higher clergy in Bohemia remained faithful to Gregory, whereas Hus and the reform party acknowledged the new pope. Despite his condemnation, Hus continued to preach at the Bethlehem Chapel and to teach at the University of Prague.
Their sale in Bohemia aroused general indignation but had been approved by King Wenceslas, who, as usual, shared in the proceeds. Hus publicly denounced these indulgences before the university and, by so doing, lost the support of Wenceslas.
This was to prove fatal to him.
In order to spare the city the consequences, Hus voluntarily left Prague in October He found refuge mostly in southern Bohemia in the castles of his friends, and during the next two years he engaged in feverish literary activity.
The most important of his treatises was De ecclesia The Church.John Huss (Jan Hus) was born in Bohemia (now part of the Czech Republic) in about He received a master's degree from Charles University in Prague in , became a professor of theology in , was ordained to the priesthood in , was made rector of the University in , and in received a bachelor's degree in theology .
Toby Huss, Actor: King of the Hill. Toby Huss was born on December 9, in Marshalltown, Iowa, USA. He is an actor and writer, known for King of the Hill . Christianity Today Weekly (Weekly)CTWeekly delivers the best content from leslutinsduphoenix.com to your inbox each week.
Today in Christian History (Daily)A daily newsletter featuring the most. Germany is the most populace country in Europe and it is also the largest economy in Europe.
It is the fifth largest economy in the world with a USD trillion GDP. The German economy is built around highly skilled workers and a high degree innovations. Jan Hus, Hus also spelled Huss, (born c. , Husinec, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic]—died July 6, , Konstanz [Germany]), the most important 15th-century Czech religious Reformer, whose work was transitional between the medieval and the Reformation periods and anticipated the Lutheran Reformation by a full century.
He was embroiled in the bitter controversy of the Western Schism ( John Huss came from the ancient Kingdom of Bohemia, but his voice belongs to our collective religious heritage. He carved a place for himself in the history of revolutionary theology by taking a position that was dangerously contrary to the orthodoxy of his time and his church.