Inhe began publishing extracts from his novel, Amerika ; America, ; better known as Amerika,and The Metamorphosis was written in lateappearing in print in His working career spans only sixteen years, and, when he died in at the age of forty-one, many of his major novels had not been published; his work was little known beyond avant-garde German literary circles.
Also both men are guilty: More so than Georg, however, who comes to accept his judgment, out of proportion though it may be, Gregor is a puzzled victim brought before the Absolute — here in the form of the chief clerk — which forever recedes into the background.
The selection of an ordinary individual as victim heightens the impact of the absurd.
Gregor is not an enchanted prince in a fairy tale, yearning for deliverance from his animal state; instead, he is a rather average salesman who awakens and finds himself transformed into an insect.
For example, he uses his whole body to anxiously guard the magazine clipping of a lady in a fur cape; this is a good illustration of his pitiful preoccupation with sex. Though it would be unfair to blame him for procrastinating, for not getting out of bed on the first morning of his metamorphosis, we have every reason to assume that he has procrastinated long before this — especially in regard to a decision about his unbearable situation Critical analysis of the metamorphosis and work.
Gregor has also put off sending his sister to the conservatory, although he promised to do so. He craves love and understanding, but his prolonged inactivity gradually leads him to feel ever more indifferent about everything. It is through all his failures to act, then, rather than from specific irresponsible actions he commits, that Gregor is guilty.
The price his guilt exacts is that of agonizing loneliness. The arrangement of the vowels in Samsa is the same as in Kafka. More significantly yet, samsja means "being alone" in Czech.
The same arrangement of the vowel a prevails, and there is also another play on words: It is easy to view Gregor as an autobiographical study of Kafka himself.
These people simply do not understand, and the reason they do not understand is that they are habitually too "preoccupied with their immediate troubles. Shortly after completing "The Metamorphosis," Kafka wrote in his diary: Gregor never identifies himself with an insect.
He begs the chief clerk for precisely that situation which has caused him to be so unhappy; he implores him to help him maintain his position and, while doing so, completely forgets that he is a grotesquerie standing in front of the chief clerk.
What bothers Gregor most about his situation at the company is that there is no human dimension in what he is doing: As will be shown later, he would have had every reason to do so. As it turns out, he was, and still is, too weak. Even now in his helpless condition, he continues to think of his life as a salesman in "normal" terms; he plans the day ahead as if he could start it like every other day, and he is upset only because of his clumsiness.
Although one might expect such a horrible fate to cause a maximum of intellectual and emotional disturbance in a human being — and Gregor remains one inwardly until his death — he stays surprisingly calm.
The maid treats him like a curious pet, and the three lodgers are amused, rather than appalled, by the sight of the insect.
The reason for the astounding behavior of all these people is found in their incapacity to comprehend disaster. This incapacity, in turn, is a concomitant symptom of their limitless indifference toward everything happening to Gregor.
In paragraphs bristling with the most meticulous descriptions of the absurd, Kafka achieves the utmost in gallows humor and irony. His professional and social considerations are stronger than his desire to quit working for his company.
In fact, he even toys with the idea of sleeping and forgetting "all this nonsense. His insect appearance must not be real because it does not suit Gregor the businessman. By ignoring or negating his state, he can, of course, in no way eliminate it.
The contrary seems to be the case: He vows that once he has sufficient money, he will quit, and yet he has no idea what he will do.
He does not really know his innermost self, which is surrounded by an abyss of emptiness. Having emerged under the cover of night, as also happens in "A Country Doctor," this "self" seeks a confrontation with the other parts of Gregor Samsa. Time and time again, Kafka pictures the alienated "inner self" of his heroes in the form of animals — for instance, in "Investigations of a Dog," "The Burrow," and "A Report to an Academy.
In this connection, it is valuable to compare the opening scenes of this novel and our story: Joseph, too, did not hear the alarm, and he, like Gregor, was taken prisoner.
Both men try to shake off their fate by acting as if it did not really exist, but, in both instances, the apparent delusion turns out to be terrifying reality. This is why Kafka was so adamant about not having the insect reproduced in any conventional manner when the story was published.
He wrote his publisher that it would be wrong to draw the likeness of the insect on the book cover because any literal representation would be meaningless. Gregor — after his metamorphosis — can be depicted only to the extent he can see and grasp himself — hence not at all or merely by implication.
The agreement which Kafka and his publisher finally reached permitted illustrating the scene at the beginning of the third part where Gregor, "lying in the darkness of his room, invisible to his family, could see them all at the lamp-lit table and listen to their talk" through the living room door.Critical bibliography of The Metamorphosis preceded by a structural and symbolic analysis of the work.
Corngold surveys and summarizes various interpretations of Kafka's novella. © Keiran Rankin and Sara Wolfe Writing Centre Critical Analysis Template In a critical analysis essay, you systematically evaluate a work’s effectiveness including. Textual Analysis of Writing Guides - Let me introduce you to the main characters in the story of composition.
Our hero—the protagonist—is known as “the writer,” who is supported by both the writing instructor—our hero’s mentor traditionally—and the reference guide.
"Ligeia" (/ l aɪ ˈ dʒ iː ə /) is an early short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in The story follows an unnamed narrator and his wife Ligeia, a .
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The Metamorphosis Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
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