Thirty years after a war that wounded its heart, 20 years after a scandal that scarred its conscience, 10 years after fiscal policies that ridiculed its sense of responsibility and fairness, the country has nearly exhausted the qualities by which democracy survives and flourished. As Americans we have come to act more oppressed by freedom than invigorated by it, more concerned with freedom from rather than freedom to. We divide between the vast majority of us who -- out of futility, confusion or indifference -- are so disengaged from democracy we never vote at all, and those of us who vote not to thoughtfully resolve complicated issues but to express our rage. History is clear that democracy cannot long navigate a sea of national rage.
Why Judaism and then Christianity Rejected Homosexuality Dennis Prager When Judaism demanded that all sexual activity be channeled into marriage, it changed the world.
Societies that did not place boundaries around sexuality were stymied in their development. The subsequent dominance of the Western world can largely be attributed to the sexual revolution initiated by Judaism and later carried forward by Christianity.
This revolution consisted of forcing the sexual genie into the marital bottle. It ensured that sex no longer dominated society, heightened male-female love and sexuality An essay on celibacy thereby almost alone created the possibility of love and eroticism within marriageand began the arduous task of elevating the status of women.
Throughout the ancient world, and up to the recent past in many parts of the world, sexuality infused virtually all of society. Human sexuality, especially male sexuality, is polymorphous, or utterly wild far more so than animal sexuality.
Men have had sex with women and with men; with little girls and young boys; with a single partner and An essay on celibacy large groups; with total strangers and immediate family members; and with a variety of domesticated animals.
There is little, animate or inanimate, that has not excited some men to orgasm. De-sexualizing God and Religion Among the consequences of the unchanneled sex drive is the sexualization of everything — including religion.
Unless the sex drive is appropriately harnessed not squelched — which leads to its own destructive consequenceshigher religion could not have developed. Thus, the first thing Judaism did was to de-sexualize God: This was an utterly radical break with all other religions, and it alone changed human history.
The gods of virtually all civilizations engaged in sexual relations. In Egyptian religion, the god Osiris had sexual relations with his sister, the goddess Isis, and she conceived the god Horus.
In Canaan, El, the chief god, had sex with Asherah. In Hindu belief, the god Krishna was sexually active, having had many wives and pursuing Radha; the god Samba, son of Krishna, seduced mortal women and men.
In Greek beliefs, Zeus married Hera, chased women, abducted the beautiful young male, Ganymede, and masturbated at other times; Poseidon married Amphitrite, pursued Demeter, and raped Tantalus.
In Rome, the gods sexually pursued both men and women. Given the sexual activity of the gods, it is not surprising that the religions themselves were replete with all forms of sexual activity.
In the ancient Near Fast and elsewhere, virgins were deflowered by priests prior to engaging in relations with their husbands, and sacred or ritual prostitution was almost universal.
Psychiatrist and sexual historian Norman Sussman describes the situation thus: In ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Canaan, annual ceremonial intercourse took place between the king and a priestess.
Women prostitutes had intercourse with male worshippers in the sanctuaries and temples of ancient Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Cyprus, Corinth, Carthage, Sicily, Egypt, Libya, West Africa, and ancient and modern India.
In ancient Israel itself, there were repeated attempts to re-introduce temple prostitution, resulting in repeated Jewish wars against cultic sex. The Bible records that the Judean king Asa "put away the qdeshim [temple male prostitutes] out of the land"; that his successor, Jehosaphat put away out of the land Until it was made illegal inwhen India gained independence, Hindu temples in many parts of India had both women and boy prostitutes.
In the fourteenth century, the Chinese found homosexual Tibetan religious rites practiced at the court of a Mongol emperor. In Sri Lanka through this century, Buddhist worship of the goddess Pattini has involved priests dressed as women, and the consort of the goddess is symbolically castrated.
Judaism placed controls on sexual activity. It could no longer dominate religion and social life.
It was to be sanctified — which in Hebrew means "separated" — from the world and placed in the home, in the bed of husband and wife.
Along with ethical monotheism, the revolution begun by the Torah when it declared war on the sexual practices of the world wrought the most far-reaching changes in history.
Indeed, Judaism may be said to have invented the notion of homosexuality, for in the ancient world sexuality was not divided between heterosexuality and homosexuality.
Before the Bible, the world divided sexuality between penetrator active partner and penetrated passive partner.
Ancient categories of sexual experience differed considerably from our own The central distinction in sexual morality was the distinction between active and passive roles. The gender of the object Boys and women are very often treated interchangeably as objects of [male] desire. What is socially important is to penetrate rather than to be penetrated.
Sex is understood fundamentally not as interaction, but as a doing of some thing to someone Judaism changed all this.
It rendered the "gender of the object" very "morally problematic"; it declared that no one is "interchangeable" sexually. And as a result, it ensured that sex would in fact be "fundamentally interaction" and not simply "a doing of something to someone".Previous post Poem Analysis of "Fra Lippo Lippi" by Robert Browning: The Theme & Meaning of Celibacy Next post Elements of Romanticism in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.
Essay about Celibacy Words 5 Pages “You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.” (Matthew 37) Celibacy is a way of loving, living, and serving.
Free Essays words | ( pages) | Preview Eastern Thought in the Works of Kerouac and Ginsberg - Eastern Thought in the Works of Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg In the late 's and throughout the 's, a fascination with Eastern thought developed, concentrating on Zen Buddhism and Daoism. The Book of Margery Kempe on Female Celibacy Essay Sample The Book of Margery Kempe is a book that speaks about a despairing demand of the supporter for celibacy and complete obeisance and devotedness to God.
Involuntary Celibacy Essay Sample The writing Involuntary Celibacy focuses on the study of males and females of different ages and different relationship status and how they have become, or what has led to their involuntary celibacy.
Overview. Former Vice President of the Buddhist Society and Chairman of the English Sangha Trust, Maurice Walshe, wrote an essay called 'Buddhism and Sex' in which he presented Buddha's essential teaching on human sexuality and its relationship to the goal (nibbana).The third of the five precepts states.
Kamesu micchacara veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.