InMao instigated the Cultural Revolutionin which those disloyal to the Chairman were killed or humiliated in order to solidify Mao's control. While most scholars are reluctant to estimate a total number of "unnatural deaths" in China under Mao, evidence shows he was in some way responsible for at least 40 million deaths and perhaps 80 million or more. This includes deaths he was directly responsible for and deaths resulting from disastrous policies he refused to change. One government document that has been internally circulated and seen by a former Communist Party official now at Princeton University says that 80 million died unnatural deaths — most of them in the famine following the Great Leap Forward.
Mao had toured China after coming to power in and concluded that the Chinese people were capable of anything. The two primary tasks that he felt his government should target were to modernize industry and agriculture.
These are the two main sectors of the communist command economyrepresented in the Soviet flag with the hammer of an industrial worker and the sickle of the agrarian harvester.
Mao announced the Great Leap Forward plan would last from to Failures of the Great Leap Forward The Great Leap Forward, intended to be a five-year effort, was halted in after three brutal years and millions of lost lives.
As early asthings started to go wrong. Politically motivated decisions took precedence over common sense, and communes faced the task of doing things which they were incapable of achieving.
The failed initiative is said to have cost an estimated 20 to 48 million lives as a result of catastrophic economic policy compounded by adverse weather conditions, including a flood that killed two million people and the subsequent crop failures that led to starvation.
In addition to the fatalities, the Great Leap Forward had negative environmental impacts, as communes were encouraged to set up "backyard" production plants for needed supplies such as steel, timber and cement.
Mao Zedong was forced to resign from his position as Head of State, although he was able to remain in a powerful party position to save face and avoid public embarrassment.Mao Zedong was a Marxist theorist, revolutionary, and, from to , the first chairman of the People’s Republic of China.
Mao was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the 20th century, in China and abroad. Great Leap Forward, in Chinese history, the campaign undertaken by the Chinese communists between and early to organize its vast population, especially in large-scale rural communes, to meet China’s industrial and agricultural problems.
As the leader of China, Mao initiated the Great Leap Forward, an economic plan intended to rapidly industrialize China's then largely rural economy. This led to an unprecedented famine.
This led to an unprecedented famine. Mao in May of launched another plan: the Great Leap Forward. This was Mao's economic plan to transform China into an industrial nation in two years.
The plan was to decentralize agriculture and create communes which would promote heavy industry and agricultural production. The Great Leap Forward, the Cult of Mao, the Cultural Revolution, the Hundred Flowers Campaign, and the advances in woman rights, have all shaped the Chinese .
In January , Mao launched the second Five-Year Plan, known as the Great Leap Forward, a plan intended as an alternative model for economic growth to the Soviet model focusing on heavy industry that was advocated by others in the party.